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Echinoidea taxon details

Aeropsis rostrata (Norman, 1876)

124367  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124367)

accepted
Species
Aerope rostrata Norman, 1876 (transferred to Aeropsis)
Aërope rostrata Norman, 1876 (parent is an incorrect original spelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofAerope rostrata Norman, 1876) Norman, A.M. (1876). Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Foraminifera, Polycistina and Spongida. In: Jeffreys, J.G. (ed.). Preliminary Report of the Biological Results of a Cruise in H.M.S. 'Valorous' to Davis Strait in 1875. Proceedings of the Royal Society 25:202-215., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/139559#page/222/mode/1up
page(s): 212 [details]   

(ofAërope rostrata Norman, 1876) Thomson, C. Wyville. (1877). The voyage of the "Challenger." The Atlantic; a preliminary account of the general results of the exploring voyage of H.M.S. "Challenger" during the year 1873 and the early part of the year 1876, Volume 1. xxix+424 pp. (Macmillan and Co.: London)., available online at https://books.google.pt/books?id=_UkSAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 380-382, fig. 99  [details]   
Note Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata...  
From editor or global species database
Type material Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata (see note “Authority”) has implications on the identity of the type material. The description of Norman (1876) was based on the material from the Valorous Cruise, which thus forms (part of) the type series. The type status of Thomson’s material from the Challenger Cruise, in contrast, is not fully clear. The latter could be considered part of the type series since Article 73.2.1 of the Code states that syntypes can include “specimens not seen by the author but which form the bases of previously published descriptions or illustrations.” Thomson might have shown the Challenger specimens or illustrations thereof in order to decide that they were the same species as his taxon, in which case they might be considered part of the type series based on cited article.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case.
 [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Aeropsis rostrata (Norman, 1876). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124367 on 2018-10-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-07 10:14:26Z
changed
2011-04-27 12:37:20Z
changed
2013-08-20 06:10:03Z
changed
2018-02-06 05:40:24Z
changed

original description  (ofAerope rostrata Norman, 1876) Norman, A.M. (1876). Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Foraminifera, Polycistina and Spongida. In: Jeffreys, J.G. (ed.). Preliminary Report of the Biological Results of a Cruise in H.M.S. 'Valorous' to Davis Strait in 1875. Proceedings of the Royal Society 25:202-215., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/139559#page/222/mode/1up
page(s): 212 [details]   

original description  (ofAërope rostrata Norman, 1876) Thomson, C. Wyville. (1877). The voyage of the "Challenger." The Atlantic; a preliminary account of the general results of the exploring voyage of H.M.S. "Challenger" during the year 1873 and the early part of the year 1876, Volume 1. xxix+424 pp. (Macmillan and Co.: London)., available online at https://books.google.pt/books?id=_UkSAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 380-382, fig. 99  [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Mironov A.N. (2014). Deep-sea fauna of European seas: An annotated species check-list of benthic invertebrates living deeper than 2000 m in the seas bordering Europe. Echinoidea. <i>Invertebrate Zoology</i>. Vol.11. No.1: 120–129 [in English]., available online at http://www.nature.air.ru/invertebrates/v11n1/invert11_1_120_129_Echinoidea.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1950). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. V, 1. Spatangoida I. Protosternata, Meridosternata, Amphisternata I. Palæopneustidæ, Palæostomatidæ, Aëropsidæ, Toxasteridæ, Micrasteridæ, Hemiasteridæ, 432 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 328 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Authority While having been unanimously attributed to Thomson, 1877 in print, revisiting the original publications shed new light on the correct authority of Aerope rostrata. The first published description in association with this name actually was actually published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Vol. 25, Issue 173, published in 1876, in a work by A. M. Norman, who the biological material of the Valorous Cruise.
In this article he gives a good description of the species, as well as station details, but at the end (p. 212) mentions: “… This new and most interesting form will be names Aërope rostrata by Sir Wyville Thomson*.” The footnote reads: “When this description was read I had suggested a name for the present species; but having since learnt from Sir Wyville Thomson that it has also been procured in the ‘Challenger’ Expedition, I gladly adopt the above name, under which I found that he was about to describe it.”
Since Norman’s article predated the book in which Thomson described Aerope rostrata, under ICZN Article 50.1, Norman is the author of the species, since he was the first to fulfil the criteria of availability.
Under Article 50.1 (a name is established by the person who first published it), only one name was established: Aerope rostrata Norman, 1876; Aerope rostrata Thomson is not a separate nominal taxon.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case.
 [details]

Type material Re-evaluation of the authority of A. rostrata (see note “Authority”) has implications on the identity of the type material. The description of Norman (1876) was based on the material from the Valorous Cruise, which thus forms (part of) the type series. The type status of Thomson’s material from the Challenger Cruise, in contrast, is not fully clear. The latter could be considered part of the type series since Article 73.2.1 of the Code states that syntypes can include “specimens not seen by the author but which form the bases of previously published descriptions or illustrations.” Thomson might have shown the Challenger specimens or illustrations thereof in order to decide that they were the same species as his taxon, in which case they might be considered part of the type series based on cited article.
Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Gary Rosenberg (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) for discussion of this case.
 [details]
 

LanguageName 
English crooked heart sea urchin  [details]
French oursin allongé  [details]

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