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Echinoidea source details

Clark, A.M. (1993). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 2: Valvatida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1993). Echinoderm Studies, 4: pp. 187-366
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Asterinidae Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Asteroidea (additional source)
Valvatida (additional source)
 Classification

In family Echinasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Description

The members of the genus are confined to tropical seas where they inhabit coral reefs, usually in the littoral ... [details]

 Description

depth: 280 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 183-194 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 256-640 m (Clark, 1993) [details]

 Description

Depth range: 183-293 m (Clark, 1993). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Alaska to lower California [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Mediterranean and West African. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) (Sastry, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Bay of Bengal, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Java. [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, west Pacific, depth range to 20 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. (USA) No. 37027. Type locality: off Sirun Is., Sulu Archipelago, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Australian Museum, Sydney (Australia) J3082. Type locality: Masthead Is, Capricorn Group, Queensland, ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England) 1846.8.5.32. Type locality: North Australia (Cape York), ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Acanthaster echinus Gervais, 1841 (=Asterias planci Linnaeus, 1758) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Nardoa faouzii Macan, 1938 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Anthenea chinensis Gray 1840, (= Asterias pentagonula Lamarck 1816) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Archaster typicus Müller & Troschel, 1840 by indication (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

As remarked in Hotchkiss & Clark (1976: 266, footnote), the earlier family name Asteropsidae, used once by Perrier ... [details]

 Remark

Placed in family Asteropidae in Clark & Rowe (1971). Type species: Asterias carinifera Lamarck 1816, by monotypy ... [details]

 Remark

Subgenus Astropus; type species of Astropus. Type locality: Mauritius. Assumed by Sladen (1889) and Döderlein ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Astropecten (Astropus) longipes Gray, 1840 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Calliaster childreni Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Possibly the valid name for Astropecten (Astropus) longipes Gray 1840 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Choriaster granulatus Lütken, 1869 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cistina columbiae Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Asterias cylindricus Lamarck, 1816 by subsequent designation by H.L. Clark (1921) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Disasterina abnormalis Perrier, 1875 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

In family Linckiidae in Ludwig (1899) and Clark (1654). Type species: Ferdina flavescens Gray 1840, by subsequent ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Gomophia egyptiaca Gray 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). In family Linckiidae in Clark ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Heteronardoa sagamina Hayashi, 1973 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

with I. periectus Aziz & Jangoux 1984: 189-lapsus for I. perierctus[details]

 Remark

Proposed with subgeneric rank in Ophidiaster L. Agassiz, 1835 by Peters, W.C.H. (1852). Type species: Ophidiaster ... [details]

 Remark

In family Linckiidae in Ludwig (1899) and Clark (1954). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Lithosoma actinometra Fisher, 1911 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species of the genus Mabahissaster Macan, 1938 (=Calliaster Gray, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type locality: off Durban, 410 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Goniodiscus sanderi Meissner 1892. Placed in Goniasteridae in Walenkamp (1990). [details]

 Remark

According to H.L. Clark (1946), possibly Gomophia mamillifera (Livingstone, 1930) is a synonym of Nardoa frianti ... [details]

 Remark

Syntypes Indian Museum, Calcutta (India) (6 specimens). Type locality: Andaman Ils, Bay of Bengal (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Status doubtful according to Jangoux 1973. Type untraced by Jangoux & De Ridder, 1987. [details]

 Remark

original description as Iconaster [details]

 Remark

Type species: Goniodiscus capella Müller & Troschel, 1842 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

MS name cited as if a synonym of Anthenea pentagonula (Lamarck, 1816) [details]

 Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig, 1899 . [details]

 Remark

Type species: Pentagonaster pulchellus Gray, 1840 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority; pre-linnean; and places genus in separate family Pentagonasteridae. [details]

 Remark

Type species: Oreaster productus Bell, 1884 (=a variety of Poraster superbus Möbius, 1859) according to Döderlein ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Asterias nodosus Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: none designated but Asterias variolata Retzius, 1805 implied in Verrill (1870) and accordingly given ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Stellaster childreni Gray, 1840 (=Asterias equestris Retzius, 1805) by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Stellasteropsis fouadi Dollfus, 1936 (A.M. Clark, 1993). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Thromidia catalai Pope & Rowe, 1977 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Type data: status undetermined Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: Mauritius (as ... [details]

 Status

Left in limbo by the synonymy of Gastraster with Neomorphaster; position uncertain. [details]

 Status

Koehler (1920) referred this species to his Peridontaster [details]

 Synonymy

A possible synonym of Andora faouzii (Macan, 1938) according to Jangoux & Aziz (1984). [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Asterias luna Linnaeus 1758, 'without any reasonable doubt' according to Verrill (1914) but ... [details]

 Synonymy

Perrier (1875) cited in Clark. According to Clark, must be rather conspecific with A. lorioli, because of the ... [details]

 Synonymy

None of the 4 named species were designated, so name is invalid. Genus was originally a composite of Anseropoda ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy by nomination of six-armed lectotype, allowing restriction to synonymy of P. gunni[details]

 Synonymy

non Asterias calcar Lamarck, 1816 as already restricted by Gray, 1840,= Asterina (=Patiriella) gunni Gray, 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Also in Quijada 1911: 162 NOMEN NUDUM, undescribed and = Patiria (i.e. Asterina) chilensis (Lutken 1859) according ... [details]

 Synonymy

non Asterias minuta Gmelin 1791=Asterina marginata Hupe 1857 (=A. stellifera [Mobius 1859]) according to Perrier, 1875. [details]

 Synonymy
 for 

non Asterias verruculata Retzius 1805, probably =Asterina cephea (Muller & Troschel 1842) which = Asterina burtoni ... [details]

 Synonymy

Junior homonym of Asterodiscus Ehrenberg 1839, a genus of protozoa, renamed by A.M. Clark (1974). [details]

 Synonymy

Conspecific with Porania magellanica Studer, 1876, which is currently treated as a subspecies of P. antarctica E.A. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Clark states that Astropus is 'probably a synonym…' See remarks with Astropus longipes. [details]

 Synonymy

Though assumed by Sladen (1889) followed by Döderlein (1917) to be sonspecific with Asterias [=Chaetaster] ... [details]

 Synonymy

Criptopeltaster Codoceo & Andrade 1981 is lapsus for Cryptopeltaster  [details]

 Synonymy

Probably a synonym of Gomophia egyptiaca Gray, 1840 according to A.M. Clark (1967), which Endean's (1965) ... [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Anthenea pentagonula (Lamarck, 1816) according to Perrier (1816) according to Perrier (1875) but ... [details]

 Synonymy

non Goniaster muelleri von Martens 1865= Ogmaster capella (Muller & Troschel 1842) according to Doderlein (1935) [details]

 Synonymy

Syntypes of this species in the BMNH collection are very small and almost certainly yong Asteropsis carinifera, so ... [details]

 Synonymy

A forma of Hippasteria leiopelta Fisher, 1910. Would be a junior secondary homonym of aculeata Barrett, 1857 (as ... [details]

 Synonymy

A forma of Hippasteria leiopelta according to Fisher but of H. spinosa Verrill 1909 according to Djakonov (1950). [details]

 Synonymy

Possibly a synonym but thought to be distinct by Madsen (pers. comm. to A.M. Clark). [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Leiaster glaber (Peters, 1852) according to Doderlein (1926) and Jangoux (1980), though maintained as ... [details]

 Synonymy

This is subsequent combination from Hoffman (1874:54), but ultimately a synonym of Nardoa (i.e., Gomophia) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Possibly conspecific with Poraniomorpha (Culcitopsis) borealis (Sussbach & Breckner, 1911) which it antedates and ... [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Ophidiaster guildingi Gray, 1840 according to Lutken (1871) but of Linckia guildingi Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Position indeterminable according to Doderlein (1936), but Holotype redetermined by A.M. Clark as Pentaceraster ... [details]

 synonymy

original combination [details]

 Synonymy

A junior homonym of Pauliella Munier-Chalmas 1895. Also presumably =Paulia Gray 1840 since Doderlein (1936) lists ... [details]

 Synonymy

A junior homonym of Pentaceros Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1829 (Pisces). [details]

 Synonymy

following Döderlein, 1936 [details]

 Synonymy

But see synonymy remark with Oreaster grayi Bell, 1884. [details]

 Synonymy

conspecific with Pentaceraster australis according to Doderlein (1936), presumably also Oreaster australis Lutken, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonym of Ceramaster granularis (Retzius, 1783) according to Verrill (1899). BUT also thought to be a synonym of ... [details]

 Synonymy

A secondary homonym (though transitory) of Pentagonaster grandis (Gray, 1847 as Tosia) according to Sladen (1889). ... [details]

 Synonymy

A probable synonym of Poraniella echinulata,/i according to Fisher (1928). A.M.Clark (1993: 322) confirms that this ... [details]

 Synonymy

Asterias equestris Retzius (1820)-in fact (1805) is invalid and preoccupied. Thus Stellaster childreni Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Asterias equestris Retzius (1820)-in fact (1805) is invalid and preoccupied. Thus Stellaster childreni Gray 1840 ... [details]

 Synonymy

Retained as a valid species by H.L. Clark (1946). Considered a synonym of Stellaster childreni by Doderlein (1935) [details]

 Synonymy

A synonym of Pentagonaster Gray, 1840 by synonymy of the type species, according to Dujardin & Hupe (1862). ... [details]

 Synonymy

Cited as a synonym of Tosia australis Gray 1840 by Ludwig (1912) but a NOMEN NUDUM according to A.M. Clark (1953). [details]


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