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Echinoidea source details

Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls.
5916
Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E.
1971
Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms
Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History)
London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls
Publication
Distribution tables and annotated keys to the shallow-water echinoderms of the Indo-West Pacific.
Indo West Pacific Region
Benthos
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Astropyga Gray, 1825 (basis of record)
Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Breynia desori Gray, 1851 accepted as Breynia desorii Gray, 1851 (basis of record)
Chaetodiadema Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Chaetodiadema granulatum Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Clypeaster Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Clypeaster amplificatus Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Clypeaster fervens Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Clypeaster humilis (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 (basis of record)
Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cyrtechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (basis of record)
Diadema Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Diploporaster barbatus Mortensen, 1950 (basis of record)
Diploporaster savignyi (Fourtau, 1904) (basis of record)
Echinocyamus australis (Des Moulins, 1835-37) accepted as Mortonia australis (Desmoulins, 1837) (basis of record)
Echinocyamus megapetalus H.L. Clark, 1914 (basis of record)
Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 accepted as Sculpsitechinus auritus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinolampas alexandri de Loriol, 1876 (basis of record)
Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Echinoneus abnormis de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Echinoneus abnormalis de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Koehleraster abnormalis (de Loriol, 1883) (basis of record)
Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Echinothrix Peters, 1853 (basis of record)
Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (basis of record)
Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Fibularia ovulum Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) (basis of record)
Heterocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (basis of record)
Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Laganum Link, 1807 (basis of record)
Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Jacksonaster depressum (L. Agassiz, 1841) (basis of record)
Laganum joubini Koehler, 1922 (basis of record)
Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) (basis of record)
Lovenia subcarinata Gray, 1851 (basis of record)
Maretia planulata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Metalia robillardi (de Loriol, 1876) (basis of record)
Microcyphus L. Agassiz in Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (basis of record)
Microcyphus rousseaui L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (basis of record)
Moira A. Agassiz, 1872 (basis of record)
Moira stygia (A. Agassiz, 1872) (basis of record)
Nudechinus scotiopremnus H.L. Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Parasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 (basis of record)
Parasalenia poehli Pfeffer, 1887 accepted as Parasalenia poehlii Pfeffer, 1887 (basis of record)
Paraster gibberulus (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847) accepted as Schizaster gibberulus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847 (basis of record)
Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Prionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Plococidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Prymnaster investigatoris Koehler, 1914 (basis of record)
Pseudoboletia indiana (Michelin, 1862) (basis of record)
Pseudomaretia alta (A. Agassiz, 1863) accepted as Nacospatangus altus (A. Agassiz, 1864) (basis of record)
Salmaciella dussumieri (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) (basis of record)
Salmacis L. Agassiz, 1841 (basis of record)
Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (basis of record)
Schizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Temnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) accepted as Temnopleurus reevesii (Gray, 1855) (basis of record)
Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Temnotrema siamense (Mortensen, 1904) (basis of record)
Toxopneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (additional source)
Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Tripneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (basis of record)
Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Bombay for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone for Temnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) 
East Africa for Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) 
East Indies for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Brissopsis luzonicus (Gray, 1851) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster fervens Koehler, 1922 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster humilis (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Diploporaster barbatus Mortensen, 1950 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Diploporaster savignyi (Fourtau, 1904) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinocyamus crispus Mazzetti, 1893 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Fibularia ovulum Lamarck, 1816 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Laganum joubini Koehler, 1922 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Lovenia subcarinata Gray, 1851 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Maretia planulata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Metalia robillardi (de Loriol, 1876) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Microcyphus rousseaui L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Moira stygia (A. Agassiz, 1872) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Parasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Paraster gibberulus (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Prionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Pseudoboletia indiana (Michelin, 1862) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Salmaciella dussumieri (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Schizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Temnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Temnotrema siamense (Mortensen, 1904) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Indian Ocean for Asteroidea 
Java Sea for Clypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 
Mascarene Basin for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Mascarene Basin for Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) 
Mascarene Basin for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mascarene Basin for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mascarene Basin for Cyrtechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) 
Mascarene Basin for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mascarene Basin for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Mascarene Basin for Echinocyamus megapetalus H.L. Clark, 1914 
Mascarene Basin for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Mascarene Basin for Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
Mascarene Basin for Echinolampas alexandri de Loriol, 1876 
Mascarene Basin for Echinolampas ovata (Leske, 1778) 
Mascarene Basin for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Mascarene Basin for Echinoneus abnormis de Loriol, 1883 
Mascarene Basin for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Mascarene Basin for Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Mascarene Basin for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Mascarene Basin for Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mascarene Basin for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) 
Mascarene Basin for Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mascarene Basin for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Mascarene Basin for Laganum joubini Koehler, 1922 
Mascarene Basin for Maretia planulata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Metalia robillardi (de Loriol, 1876) 
Mascarene Basin for Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mascarene Basin for Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Prionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Prymnaster investigatoris Koehler, 1914 
Mascarene Basin for Pseudoboletia indiana (Michelin, 1862) 
Mascarene Basin for Pseudomaretia alta (A. Agassiz, 1863) 
Mascarene Basin for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mascarene Basin for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Temnotrema siamense (Mortensen, 1904) 
Mascarene Basin for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mascarene Basin for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mauritius for Microcyphus maculatus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mauritius for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Pacific Ocean for Asteroidea 
 Authority

Authority given as '(Klein)' in Mortensen (1931) and as 'Agassiz' in Decary (1924). Type data: status and ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep brown above with deep red tips to spines, tube feet fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Associated with ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean, west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 50 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Disc smooth, arms with three lateral spines at each ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. integer, but differs in arrangement of disc scales and shape of the arm plates. (Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, west Pacific (also Red Sea), depth range 6-40 m. (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 27 mm, disc diameter to 3.5 mm. Disc and arms mottled grey, pale blue and cream. ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by very fine scales. Radial shields three times as long as broad, distally contiguous. Oral shields ... [details]

 Description

Disc covered by fine imbricated scales, one slightly larger plate in each interradius dorsally. Radial shields ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal , East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep pink centre to disc grading through white to light purple arm tips (Humphreys, 1981). ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed around Philippine Islands (Clark & Rowe, 1971) to the South West of Japan (Rowe, 1977). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale grey with irregular brown markings, uniformly pale grey below. Some with commensal polynoid ... [details]

 Description

Description: as for A. nuda, but with thorny granules of varying size over the body and arms (Richmond 1997). Also ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 40 cm, disc diameter to 10 cm. Colour uniformly black. Habitat: coral reefs, usually ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia and Philippines (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: paxillae vary from cream through grey-green to brown, usually with darker patterning variable in ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: bold camouflage pattern in deep brown and beige, tube feet spread over surface give white dotted ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). Habitat: very shallow waters; coastal ... [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 39 fathoms (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Description

Description: primary tubercles perforate and crenulate; ambulacra abruptly narrowing on oral side with spaced ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine ... [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, pentagonal, corners rounded, margin slightly thick; oral ambulacral furrows prominent up to ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, pakistan, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black to deep purple-brown, peristome reddish-brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded in Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

According to Clark & Rowe (11971), known from Mauritius (and East Africa) and from temperate but not tropical ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey background with small irregular pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded in Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan and Maldive area (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Maldives (Marshall & Rowe, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: black, red ring around anus and white spot over each genital pore (Humphreys, 1981). One specimen ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: golden brown to dark brown with large irregular brown markings transversely on arms (Humphreys, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Description: test flat, slightly broader than long; peristome slightly anterior; periproct on the oral side, in the ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, spine colour purple/green spines with purple tips and grey-green base or jungle green ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep red unlike Aldabra specimens which are green (Humphreys, 1981). Also recorded from 'Coin ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: deep rounded vertical burrows in dead coral rocks (Sastry, 1997). Also distributed in SE Arabia, W India, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus and Guam (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area and Ceylon (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954); Ceylon bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, Ceylon and Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Tuamotus, Saipan, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly mid brown (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Canton ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, west Indian and Pakistan (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Littoral and down to 12 fathoms in Clark (1911). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf ( (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Amboina (Selenka, 1867); East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: grey-brown to green-brown sometimes with globular appearance (Clark & Rowe, 1971). The colour is ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: mid brown above with gnarled appearance (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in Celebes and Amboina ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940); Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China ... [details]

 Description

Also recorded from the Philippines, Iranian Gulf and Ceylon (Heding, 1940); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, north Australia ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background off-white with pale purplish brown blotches, dark pigment surrounding mouth and anus ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia and Persian Gulf (Clark & Rowe (1971)). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular pink markings on arms, madreporite and patch at tip of each arm purple, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly fawn (Humphreys, 1981). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: uniformly blue, grey, pink, purple or fawn. This contrasts with Pacific specimens from Palao ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Japan and north of Australia (Lambert, 1923); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabian, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Disc colour purplish-brown, with some variegation, but never any trace of a longitudinal light stripe (Balinsky, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life very variable but not spotted like M. Longipeda (Sloan et al., 1979). Description: similar to M. ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Arms moderately long, about nine times the disc diameter. ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc colour bluish with dark blue spots, spotted radial shields, ventrally lighter blue with dark ... [details]

 Description

Description: similar to M. longipeda (Richmond, 1998). Distribution: known only from Mauritius (Clark, 1968); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Cylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, ... [details]

 Description

General distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean (Tortonese, 1980). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal and East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Colour in life: slate grey with purplish borders to supero-marginals, medreporite with circle of ten purplish ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: granules between plates mid brown, rest black, abactinal surface light grey-brown. Eaten by shrimp ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Coloration: aboral disc colour green to brownish, with some variegation, with a dark spot near the distal end of ... [details]

 Description

Colour: olive-greenish on a white background (Balinsky, 1957). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: ... [details]

 Description

Colour (in alcohol): disc greyish-brown, the arms distinctly banded with rusty brown; the arm spines somewhat ... [details]

 Description

Colour greenish, without conspicuous markings (Balinsky, 1957). Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Hexamerous species. Colour in life: green background, disc with more or less regular dark and light green markings, ... [details]


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