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Asteroidea source details

Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.)
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Acanthaster echinites (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Acanthaster mauritiensis de Loriol, 1885 accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Allostichaster Verrill, 1914 (additional source)
Asterias cylindricus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Ophidiaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Dactylosaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias milleporella Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias obtusangula Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Oreaster obtusangulus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Pseudoreaster obtusangulus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Asterias planci Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Asterina coronata von Martens, 1866 accepted as Aquilonastra coronata (von Martens, 1866) (basis of record)
Asterope Müller & Troschel, 1840 accepted as Asteropsis Müller & Troschel, 1840 (basis of record)
Astrogonium Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Goniaster L. Agassiz, 1836 (additional source)
Astropecten monacanthus Sladen, 1883 (basis of record)
Astropecten phragmorus Fisher, 1913 accepted as Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Astropecten velitaris von Martens, 1865 (basis of record)
Bollonaster pectinatus (Sladen, 1883) (basis of record)
Caymanostella Belyaev, 1974 (additional source)
Ceramaster Verrill, 1899 (additional source)
Ceramaster patagonicus (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Choriaster granulatus Lütken, 1869 (basis of record)
Cistina columbiae Gray, 1840 (basis of record)
Coscinasterias Verrill, 1867 (additional source)
Cosmasterias Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Cribrella Lütken, 1857 accepted as Henricia Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Crossaster Müller & Troschel, 1840 (additional source)
Culcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Culcitaster Clark, 1914 accepted as Halityle Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Dactylosaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Dipsacaster Alcock, 1893 (additional source)
Dipsacaster sladeni Alcock, 1893 (additional source)
Echinaster callosus Marenzeller, 1895 (basis of record)
Echinaster sladeni de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Cistina columbiae Gray, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Fromia monilis (Perrier, 1869) (basis of record)
Gomophia egyptiaca Gray, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Gomophia sphenisci (A.M. Clark, 1967) (additional source)
Gomophia watsoni (Livingstone, 1936) (additional source)
Goniodiscus capella Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Ogmaster capella (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Gymnasteria Gray, 1840 accepted as Asteropsis Müller & Troschel, 1840 (additional source)
Halityle Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Halityle regularis Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Henricia Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Heteronardoa carinata (Koehler, 1910) (basis of record)
Heteronardoa diamantinae Rowe, 1976 (basis of record)
Hippasteria Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (additional source)
Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 (basis of record)
Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) (basis of record)
Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Luidia avicularia Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Luidia hardwicki (Gray, 1840) (basis of record)
Luidia prionota Fisher, 1913 (basis of record)
Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Mithrodia spinulosa Gray, 1840 accepted as Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Nardoa carinata Koehler, 1910 accepted as Heteronardoa carinata (Koehler, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Nardoa galatheae (Lütken, 1864) (additional source)
Nardoa lemonnieri Koehler, 1910 accepted as Nardoa galatheae (Lütken, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Nardoa sphenisci A.M. Clark, 1967 accepted as Gomophia sphenisci (A.M. Clark, 1967) (source of synonymy)
Nardoa tuberculata Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Nymphaster moebii (Studer, 1884) (basis of record)
Odontaster Verrill, 1880 (additional source)
Ogmaster capella (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (basis of record)
Ophidiaster cribrarius Lütken, 1871 (additional source)
Ophidiaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Dactylosaster cylindricus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Ophidiaster duncani de Loriol, 1885 (basis of record)
Ophidiaster granifer Lütken, 1871 (basis of record)
Ophidiaster hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 (additional source)
Ophidiaster leachi Gray, 1840 accepted as Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Ophidiaster robillardi de Loriol, 1885 accepted as Ophidiaster cribrarius Lütken, 1871 (source of synonymy)
Oreaster superbus Möbius, 1859 accepted as Pentaceros superbus (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Poraster superbus (Möbius, 1859) (source of synonymy)
Paragonaster ctenipes Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Patiriella Verrill, 1913 (additional source)
Pentaceraster Döderlein, 1916 (basis of record)
Pentaceraster gracilis (Lütken, 1871) (additional source)
Pentaceraster multispinus (von Martens, 1866) (additional source)
Pentagonaster moebii Studer, 1884 accepted as Nymphaster moebii (Studer, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Pentagonaster patagonicus Sladen, 1889 accepted as Ceramaster patagonicus (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Perissasterias H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Poraster superbus (Möbius, 1859) (additional source)
Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (additional source)
Protoreaster nodosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Pseudoreaster Verrill, 1899 (basis of record)
Pseudoreaster obtusangulus (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Psilaster Sladen, 1885 (additional source)
Psilaster acuminatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Solaster Forbes, 1839 (additional source)
Stellaster childreni Gray, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Stellaster equestris (Bruzelius, 1805) accepted as Stellaster childreni Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Stellaster incei Gray, 1847 accepted as Goniaster incei (Gray, 1847) accepted as Stellaster equestris (Bruzelius, 1805) accepted as Stellaster childreni Gray, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Stephanaster Ayres, 1851 accepted as Pentagonaster Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Zoroaster Wyville Thomson, 1873 (additional source)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Fromia milleporella (Lamarck, 1816) 
European waters (ERMS scope) for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Luzon for Nardoa tuberculata Gray, 1840 
Mauritius for Asterina wega Valenciennes (MS) in Perrier, 1869 
Mauritius for Echinaster sladeni de Loriol, 1893 
Mauritius for Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) 
Mauritius for Leiaster leachi (Gray, 1840) 
Mauritius for Valvaster striatus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Papua New Guinean Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Red Sea for Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 
Red Sea for Fromia monilis (Perrier, 1869) 
West Australia for Culcitaster anamesus H.L. Clark, 1914 
Holotype BM 1890.5.7.440, locality Arafura Sea, identified as Paragonaster ctenipes Sladen, 1889
 Authority

L. Agassiz, 1846 as author in Clark & Rowe (1971). In Subgenus (Fibularia) Lamarck, 1816. Lectotype Muséum ... [details]

 Authority

Sometimes referred to Lütken in Agassiz (1872) (e.g. by Rowe & Gates 1995, p. 249) due to the fact that Agassiz ... [details]

 Authority

Ljungman, 1867 in Cherbonnier & Guille (1978). [details]

 Authority

Cherbonnier (1952) cites (Quoy & Gaimard) as authority - Quoy & Gaimard and Jaeger seemed to have published ... [details]

 Depth range

0-109 m. [details]

 Depth range

2-32 m. [details]

 Depth range

0-12 m. [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, norh Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954), Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997); Arabian Sea (presumed to be from ... [details]

 Description

The genus is mainly tropical, but occurs southward to South Africa and the Australian seas, and northward to ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean (Mascarene Is.), west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Onotoa Atoll (Clark, 1954); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General ... [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: very variable with predominant colour ranging from black to fawn. This may pale progressively ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: the shiny skin uniform burgundy (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 30 cm, disc diameter to 6 cm. Characteristic high tubercules on dorsal side of disc and ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep purple above, much paler below (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in Saipan, New ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Description: body rather narrower in its anterior half. Uniformly brown, but a clear ring is around the small ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, from harlequin deep purple, red orange and pink with orange yellow tips to arms, through ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background blue-green with deep blue markings, deep fawn with brown markings or pale fawn with ... [details]

 Description

Description: five arms; superomarginal plates paxilliform, not distinguishable from the abactinal plates; oral ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Guam, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale flesh tone with large brick-red patches, especially proximally, arm tips black (Sloan et al., ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East indies, north Australia, Philippines, ... [details]

 Description

Colour: Disc patterned with gray, yellow and white; arms with dark longitudinal lines. Description: disc diameter 25 ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular white flecking (Sloan et al., 1979 ). Also distributed in Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 40 mm, disc diameter to 8 mm. Disc scales bearing granules. Disc variable in colour from ... [details]

 Description

Arm length to 20 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Similar to Ophiochaeta hirsuta, but genus instantly recognisable by ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 4 cm, disc diameter to 9 mm. Disc completely covered with granules, otherwise similar to ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey-green dorsal surface with paler irregular patches on disc and pale bands on arms ... [details]

 Description

This species in known from the East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: red on pink or grey background, furrow spines white with pink tube feet juveniles mottled ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: tubercles yellow with orange tips, papular areas blue-grey with paulae green; remainder of aboral ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Maldive Islands, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: Usually found concealed under rock or in narrow crevices (Thandar, 1990). Also distributed in SE Arabia, ... [details]

 Description

Also from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Description

Appearance in life: shaggy, orange-brown above, light red band of tube feet about half the width of sole running ... [details]

 Distribution

From Zamboanga (Mindano, Philippines) in A.H. Clark (1908). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippines, china and south Japan (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Australia ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995) and in New Guinea, Tonga Islands and Ceylon (Chadwick, 1908) . ... [details]

 Distribution

Gabo I., VIC, to Fremantle, WA, Australia Depth range : 0-18 m  [details]

 Distribution

Off Manning River, NSW, Australia Depth range : 40 m [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Distribution

Sahul Bank Depth range : 64-?210 m [details]

 Distribution

Sahul Bank, WA, to off Melville I., NT, Australia Depth range : 73-183 m  [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: tropical, southwest Pacific Ocean, depth range 6-60 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Also recorded ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, north Australia and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: temperate, southwest Pacific and South Africa, depth range 73-1005 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Tweed Heads, NSW, to E Bass Strait, TAS, Australia; Depth range: 60-360 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, & NW of Port Hedland, WA, Australia; Depth range: 0-103 m  [details]

 Distribution

Fremantle, West Australia to Lady Musgrave Reef, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 0-292 m [details]

 Distribution

Fremantle to Monte Bello Island, West Australia; Depth range : 0-135 m [details]

 Distribution

Gabo Island, Victoria to Cape Jervis, South Australia; Depth range : 5-35 m [details]

 Distribution

Mooloolaba, Queensland to Broughton Island, New South Wales, Australia; Depth range : 10-28 m [details]

 Distribution

Off Moreton Bay, Queensland to Rottnest Island, West Australia, Australia; Depth range : 18-306 m [details]

 Distribution

Byron Bay, New South Wales to Trigg Island, West Australia; Depth range : 1-63 m [details]

 Distribution

Byron Bay, New South Wales to Trigg Island, West Australia; Depth range : 0-37 m [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lizard I. to Bushy I., QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-55 m  [details]

 Distribution

West Cape to Baudin I., WA, Australia; Depth range: 72-78 m  [details]

 Distribution

Wanganella Bank, Tasman Sea; Kermadec Is.; Depth range : 716-1159 m [details]

 Distribution

Torres Strait to Mooloolaba Queensland; Depth range : 3-80 m [details]

 Distribution

Lancelin, West Australia to Lady Elliott Island, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 1-144 m [details]

 Distribution

Scott Reef, West Australia to Lady Musgrave Island, Queensland; Depth range : 0-18 m [details]

 Distribution

Port Hedland, WA, to Port Jackson, NSW; Lord Howe I., Tasman Sea; Australia; Philippines, Indonesia, Fiji; Depth ... [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Distribution

Scott Reef West Australia to Lizard Island and Keeper Reef Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 3-20 m [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

 Distribution

Jurien Bay to Port Hedland, West Australia, Australia; Depth range : 18-290 m (?400 m) [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995; East Indies and Philippines (Clark & Rowe (1971)). Ecology: ... [details]

 Distribution

Gantheaume Bay West Australia to Lady Elliott Island, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 9-190 m (?538 m) [details]

 Distribution

NW Shelf, West Australia to Scawfell Island, Queensland, Australia; Depth range : 0-91 m [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Salomon (Clark, 1911); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, ... [details]

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